Processing Quail For The First Time

Two days ago I processed my first quails ever. Here is my experience.

The first thing I thought when I processed my first quail was how easy it was. We were able to process twenty five quail in under two hours. All we needed to process the quail were kitchen shears to cut the head, legs and spine off. I would kill them, cut their head and feet off and took their skin off, and my Mom did the cleaning.

We brined the quail in saltwater overnight. The next day, we made fried quail with squash for lunch. For how small the bird was there was a lot of meat on them. I felt like a Viking picking all the meat off it. We made around ten fried quail but they surprisingly are very filling, I had four and my mom two. We turned the leftovers into fried rice.

I find it very cool how the only parts aren’t from are farm is the breading and buttermilk. We raised and processed the quail and grew the squash and zucchini. It felt very accomplishing while eating it. Soon we are going to get our meat from our meat pigs. I am excited to make food out of them.

With the quail we didn’t use in the fried quail we vacuum sealed it and put it in the freezer.

 

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Quail

A couple months ago we got Coturnix quail. I am going to write about them for you.

A Quail is a small ground-nesting game bird in the pheasant family. They are known for a lot of things like maturing faster, producing more eggs, their eggs taking less time to hatch, etc. What I think very cool is how fast they are ready to breed. in six to eight weeks old, they are ready to breed. Their eggs take about eighteen days to hatch.

Quail is one of the best birds to raise if you want a meat and egg bird. Quail reach sexual maturity at six weeks old which is very fast compared to the twenty four weeks of a chicken. They are known for laying eggs almost everyday even in the winter, and they do very good in cages. Quail also don’t make that much noise.

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We have too many males so we are going to have to process a bunch. It is apparently insanely easy. All you have to do is cut the head and feet off with scissors and they you can pull the skin off and clean it. (Here is a video see how easy it is Link)

Make sure to have a good cage with these attributes. Each bird needs forty to fifty square inches of floor area. Make sure the ceiling is at least ten inches high so the birds can’t fly up and break their skulls, and the floor should be made up of half-inch wire mesh, so predators cant grab them and their poop can fall through. We used a rabbit hutch for our quail. We still need to add something soft on the top so when they get stronger and they jump up they wont hurt themselves, and we want to add a nipple waterer like our rabbits have.

My Mom has been saving up a lot of recipes with quail. I am very excited to try them.

Updated Farm Goals: July 2016 “Mega Update”

Here is our list of updated farm goals. We are hoping to do one of these every three months to see what we got done and catch you up with what’s going on on the farm. 

This post written by Connor and Cristiana.

 Check out our photo gallery, then scroll down to see what we got done and what’s up next!

PIGS

Accomplished:

  • Shelters & two farrowing stalls– DONE
  • Fence – DONE, but will be expanding woodlots in the Fall
  • Rotational grazing – DONE, pasture management- in progress
  • Frodo DNA Test – DONE, unfortunately inconclusive. Since Frodo can’t be registered, we will be processing him within the next few months, as we can’t have an intact/unregistered boar in our herd.
  • 2 Sows bred and on homestead – DONE
  • Not on the January list, but we got a Karakachan livestock guardian dog and are training him to be full time with the pigs. DONE- but training is constant!
  • Piglets born April/May- DONE! Cassie farrowed 4/21, Chickie farrowed 5/2 for a total of 11 live piglets out of 12.
  • Build small pig shelters in rotational pastures for summer shelter – DONE
  • Sell higher quality piglets for breeding or pets, keep lower quality for meat- IN PROGRESS. We sold a few piglets as pets, are keeping one as a herd barrow, possibly donating two barrows into 4H and raising two larger gilts out for processing.
  • Built sun shade areas for pigs in each pasture with wallows, kiddie pools and rain barrel watering systems.
  • Built another small piglet pasture, safe within the central garden area. Also can be used for warm weather farrowing if we add crush rails to the shelter.
  • Learned all about vaccinating pigs for various things, how to give vaccinations and establish a vaccination/worming schedule. The importance of herd immunity, even on a small farm or homestead. We are keeping an online, detailed health record for each pig and litter of piglets.

Upcoming Pig Goals:

  • Frodo and Tiberius to processing at Carolina Grower’s Group. This will be our first experience with Kunekune pork, which is supposed to be amazing pastured pork. We’ve been giving these guys the best diet possible- Non-GMO feed, lots of grazing pasture and supplemental produce. And love. They will provide food for us for many months, lard for cooking and soap making, and other parts ground for use in making dog treats!
  • Welcoming our new registered piglets from Suwannee Valley Kunekunes! We worked hard on a business plan and application for the USDA Youth Loan, and it’s been accepted, allowing us to finally have registered Kunekunes here on our farm. We welcome Hilda- a ginger Jenny/Andrew gilt, Anna- a black/white Rona/Tonganui gilt, Dante- a cream/tri Mahia Love/Wilson’s Gina boarling, Giuseppe- a black/white Tonganui/Wilson’s Gina boarling
  • Building a new pair of sleeping stalls, on higher ground- in our central pasture area. We’ve had water drainage issues! Possible plans might be creating another carport barn with two large and very secure stalls- one for boars, one for sows… they would sleep in these stalls and be moved out to their pasture areas early in the morning. This will help us keep them separate and prevent any accidental breedings.
  • Dealing with water drainage issues in farrowing stalls and barn- we need to install a series of gutters, and lean-to roofs, rain barrels and water cachement/drainage. Our farrowing stalls quickly became flooded when the Spring rains began… we hope these upgrades will solve the problem.
  • Adding two square woodlot pastures in back- these will be nice large, shaded pastures. Plentiful area to forage, lots of oak trees dropping acorns.
  • Continued pasture management/seeding- We are working hard at removing weeds and trees from the pasture that pigs won’t eat. It’s been hard to get any new seed established during what’s been an extremely dry and hot summer. We also got two goats to help eat down the weeds.
  • Revamping electric fencing- we turned the electric off during farrowing and while the piglets grew up, and it has been damaged in many places by the pigs and our LGD during that time. We have a lot of work to do on it.
  • Adding a second breed of pig to our herd. This is a surprise! We’ve put a deposit down on a breeding pair of a unique, Heritage Breed pig. The gilt should be born soon, and the boar in the Fall. We’ll tell you more soon…
  • Experiment with growing Fodder for Chickens and Pigs to eat in winter.

CHICKENS

Accomplished:

  • Chicken coops assembled – DONE
  • Safe chicken runs made (three of them) – DONE
  • Getting eggs by spring– DONE
  • Eggs to sell- DONE
  • Selling chicks/hatching eggs– DONE
  • Our chicken goals have advanced quickly! Not only did we meet mostly all our goals, we exceeded them. We have three Ameraucana breeding pens, a group of laying hens just for eggs (Easter Eggers/Barred Rocks), a breeding trio of black mottled bantam Cochins, and two Silkies, one which is currently sitting on a nest. We started incubating eggs and hatching chicks, and have 27 Ameraucana chicks growing out right now. We will choose the best of them for next year’s breeding pens.
  • Building chicken tractors to move breeding groups to pasture area- the area where we built our runs is very wet, so it isn’t a good place for them. – ONE COMPLETE, THREE IN PROGRESS
  • Get some meat chickens to raise out- IN PROGRESS
  • Get some bantam Cochin chicks- DONE – we have buff barred, smooth and frizzle black mottled Cochins, all hatched on our farm
  • Choose chickens to use for breeding program, and sell the rest.
  • Guinea eggs are in the incubator, and hatching at end of month. We want guineas for tick control and because they’re so cool to watch.- DONE, 14 guineas are growing out!
  • Possibly quail- for meat and eggs- DONE, 23 quail grown and due to lay their first eggs
  • Possibly NPIP testing in the Fall, so we can ship hatching eggs and chicks- IN PROGRESS, waiting for appt. times.
  • Experiment with growing Fodder for Chickens and Pigs to eat in winter.

Upcoming Goals:

  • Completing chicken tractors for our breeding pens (3-4 remaining, first one turned out awesome)
  • Choosing which birds we keep to breed. Unwanted roosters will be sold, or processed for our freezer.
  • Getting NPIP/AI certification so we can sell/ship hatching eggs/chicks
  • Awaiting our first quail eggs and learning how to process quail for meat. Possibly selling quail eggs, or hatching more quail to sell.
  • Releasing guinea fowl to free range, once they are NPIP/AI tested and leg banded.
  • Moving small wood chicken coops to a more shady area. Will require some man-power!
  • Reworking quail pen frame and putting a roof over it

GARDEN GOALS

Accomplished:

  • Got garden beds assembled, thanks to an Upstate Farmers Helping Farmers event at our farm.
  • Built a cattle panel trellis between beds – DONE
  • Greenhouse halfway assembled- This greenhouse assembly was way past our skill set, so thank goodness for Upstate Farmers Helping Farmers!
  • Getting garden beds filled with mulch, compost, soil- DONE
  • Start seedlings or go to a plant sale to start summer garden, since we missed out on Spring preparation– DONE
  • Planting berry bushes- DONE, kind of- we got 4 blueberry bushes.
  • Finish greenhouse – need to add panels, windows and door. – NOT DONE!
  • Plant fruit trees – Apples, Pears, Peaches, Figs- DONE
  • Winter crops in greenhouse- NOT DONE, it’s not winter!
  • Selling produce– NOT DONE, maybe next year…

Upcoming Goals:

  • Add compost/soil to remaining metal raised beds
  • Start planning Fall planting
  • Continue adding compost to the “no till poop garden”
  • Work on establishing/planning perennial beds of herbs and things like artichokes, asparagus, etc…
  • Finish Greenhouse

OTHER GOALS:

  • Continue learning how to build things to use around the farm- pens, fencing, coops and hutches, etc. – STILL LEARNING< BUT WE BUILT A LOT OF STUFF!
  • Research heritage breed rabbits and choose a breed.- DONE! We now have a breeding trio of rare Blanc de Hotot rabbits.
  • Build a rabbit hutch- HAD ONE BUILT FOR US in trade for a piglet, and it’s wonderful.